dcsimg
EEBO - Early English Books Online - Logo Chadwyck Healey - logo
Help
Home Search About EEBO Help Contents Back

Special Characters

The full text can contain special characters which will not display as a known character, so we have replaced them with their name or a short description within curly brackets {}.

The following table lists the entity reference in the first column, how it will appear in EEBO in the second column, and the third column contains a short description or note on the entity reference.

Entity reference Display format Description
&abbus; {bus} Abbreviation symbol for '-bus' resembling -bz
&abcon; {con} Abbreviation symbol for 'con-'
&aber; {er} Abbreviation symbol for 'er' or 're'
&abis; {is} Abbreviation symbol for '-is' or '-es'
&abper; {per} Abbreviation symbol for 'per' or 'par'
&abprecipi; {precipi} Abbreviation symbol for 'precipi'
&abpri; {pri} Abbreviation symbol for pri (p topped by an apostrophe or decadent i)
&abpro; {pro} Abbreviation symbol for 'pro'
&abqu; {qu} Abbreviation symbol for French que or qu', resembles a letter q or g with the loop of the descender continued in a half circle clockwise up past the top of the letter. Rather like an @ sign flipped vertically.
&abquam; {quam} Abbreviation for Latin quam
&abque; {que} Abbreviation symbol for '-que'
&abqui; {qui} Abbreviation symbol for qui
&abquod; {quod} Abbreviation symbol for upper case version of QUOD; Cp. abquod.
&abrum; {rum} Abbreviation symbol for '-rum'
&absed; {sed} Abbreviation symbol for 'sed'
&abser; {ser} Abbreviation symbol for 'ser'
&absubli; {subli} Abbreviation symbol for 'subli'
&abur; {ur} Abbreviation symbol for 'ur'
&abus; {us} Abbreviation symbol for '-us'
&antimony; {antimony} Alchemical symbol for antimony
&arc; {arc} Mathematical symbol for arc resembling a semicircle
&Barline; {barline} Musical symbol: double barline, formally similar to double vertical bar (verbar)
&barline; {barline} Musical symbol: single barline, formally similar to single verticle bar (verbar)
&cclef; {C-clef} Musical symbol: C Clef
&chirho; {chirho} Chi Rho: first two letters in the Greek spelling of the word Christ
&circdot; {circdot} Open circle with central dot
&circledplus; {circledplus} Generic form of a plus symbol contained in a circle without specific meaning (not the symbol for astronomical Earth or alchemical earth entities. Cp. Earth, earth).
&cmbbreve; {combined breve} Combining breve
&cmbdot; {combining dot above} Combining dot above
&cmbdotb; {combining dot below} Combining dot below
&cmbmacr; {combining macron} Combining macron
&conjunction; {conjunction} 0 degrees
&decimalc; {.} Decimal separator symbol resembling small letter c or mirror image of (comma-like) Arabic decimal separator
&direct; {direct} Musical direct symbol, resembles check mark
&divisor; {divisor} Mathematical symbol for divisor or divided by (formally identical to eccentric greater than symbol (entity morethan))
&dram; {dram} dra(ch)m; Unicode equivalent with Latin small letter EZH
{white down-pointing triangle} White down-pointing triangle
&Earth; {Earth} Symbol for Planet: Earth
&earth; {earth} Alchemical symbol for earth as an element, different from Earth as a planet
&fclef; {F-clef} Musical symbol: F Clef
&fermata; {fermata} Musical symbol: fermata (cadence or close)
&fermatab; {fermata below} Musical symbol: fermata below (cadence or close)
&fire; {fire} Alchemical symbol for fire as an element
{flat} Musical symbol: flat sign
&fleurdelys; {fleur-de-lys} Fleur de lis
&flower; {flower} White florette: stylized flower or florette
&gclef; {G-clef} Musical symbol: G Clef
&halfcross; {half cross} Cross with left arm removed
&higherterm; {higher term} Mathematical symbol for higher or more acute term (open triangle pointing up with horizontal stroke below)
&higherthan; {higher than} Mathematical symbol for higher or more acute (open triangle pointing up)
&Jupit; {Jupiter} Symbol for Planet: Jupiter
&lazyS; {lazy S} Lazy-s character or reversed tilde
&logarithm; {logarithm} Mathematical symbol for logarithm
&lowerterm; {lower term} Mathematical symbol for lower or graver term (open triangle pointing down with horizontal stroke above)
&lowerthan; {lower than} Mathematical symbol for lower or graver than (open triangle pointing down)
&lpara; {reversed pilcrow} Reversed pilcrow, or paragraph, sign
&lpunctel; {reversed punctus elevatus} Reversed punctus elevatus
&lquest; {reversed question mark} Reversed question mark
&lrepeat; {left repeat} Musical symbol: left repeat sign, resembles ||:
&lsemicol; {reversed semicolon} Reversed ;
&Mars; {Mars} Symbol for Planet: Mars
&Merc; {Mercury} Symbol for Planet: Mercury
{minus or plus} Minus or plus sign
&Moon; {Moon} Astrological Symbol: Moon
&Moonround; {full moon} Full moon calendrical symbol or either full or new moon when indistinct from each other but distinct from first or last quarter moon; appears as shadowed white circle.
&multiplier; {multiplier} Mathematical symbol for multiplier or multiplied by (resembles m followed by tilde)
&nitre; {nitre} Alchemical symbol for nitre or saltpetre
&northnode; {north node} Dragon's head
&notebreve; {breve note} Musical symbol: breve or brief note or nota brevis
&notecrotchet; {crotchet note} Musical symbol: crotchet note or nota minima black
&notedemisemiquaver; {demisemiquaver note} Musical symbol: demisemiquaver note (thirty-second note)
&notelarge; {large note} Musical symbol: maxima - large note or double long note or nota maxima
&notelong; {long note} Musical symbol: longa - long note or nota longa-
&noteminim; {minim note} Musical symbol: minima - minim note or nota minima white
&notequaver; {quaver note} Musical symbol: quaver note or nota semiminima black
&notesemibreve; {semibreve note} Musical symbol: semibrevis white - semibreve or semibrief note or nota semibrevis white
&notesemiquaver; {semiquaver note} Musical symbol: semiquaver note or nota fusa black
&oil; {oil} Alchemical symbol for oil
&opposition; {opposition} 180 degrees
&ounce; {ounce} Ounce sign
&potestas; {potestas} Mathematical symbol of potestas or power
&powerof1; {powerof1} Mathematical symbol for root or quantity to the first power
&powerof2; {powerof2} Mathematical symbol for square or quadrat or quantity to the power of two
&powerof3; {powerof3} Mathematical symbol for cube or quantity to the power of three
&powerof4; {powerof4} Mathematical symbol for square of square (foursquared quadrat or quadrat of quadrat) or quantity to the power of four
&powerof5; {powerof5} Mathematical symbol for sursolid or quantity to the power of five
&powerof6; {powerof6} Mathematical symbol for squared cube (quadrat of cube) or quantity to the power of six
&product; {product} Mathematical symbol for multiplication product (resembles m with superscripted i or acute)
&proportion2; {continued proportion} Mathematical symbol for continued proportion
&punctel; {punctel} Ppunctus elevatus (inverted and reversed semicolon, similar to question mark)
&quadrine; {quadrine} Hollow square used as symbol for quadrine or quartile or quadrant or quadrature, 90 degrees
&quotient; {quotient} Mathematical symbol for quotient (resembles divisor with slight hook)
&ration; {ration} Mathematical symbol for ratio(n) (a special use of the Rx symbol)
&restbreve; {breve rest} Musical symbol: breve or brief rest or rest commensurate with nota brevis
&restcrotchet; {crotchet rest} Musical symbol: crotchet rest or rest commensurate with nota minima black
&restlong; {long rest} Musical symbol: long rest or rest comensurate with nota longa
&restminim; {minim rest} Musical symbol: minim rest or rest commensurate with nota minima white
&restquaver; {quaver rest} Musical symbol: quaver rest or rest commensurate with nota semiminima black (eighth rest)
&restsemibreve; {semibreve rest} Musical symbol: semibreve or semibrief rest or rest commensurate with nota semibrevis white
&restsemiquaver; {semiquaver rest} Musical symbol: semiquaver rest or rest commensurate with nota fusa black (sixteenth rest)
{black right-pointing triangle} Black right-pointing triangle
&salarmon; {sal armoniac} Alchemical symbol for sal armoniac
&salt; {salt} Alchemical symbol for salt
&Saturn; {Saturn} Symbol for Planet: Saturn
&scruple; {scruple} Scruple: a unit of apothecary weight
&sextile; {sextile} Astrological symbol for sextile: six pointed black star (60 degrees)
&sharp2; {sharp2} Musical symbol: sharp sign, x-shaped variant form; possibly ancestor of modern double sharp; later versions resemble modern sharp symbol.
&slong; {long s} Latin small letter long s
&southnode; {south node} Dragon's tail
&spcacute; {stand-alone spacing acute accent} Distinct from the isodia character entity acute, because this entity is only for spacing, and does not combine with the preceding character.
&spcbreve; {stand-alone spacing breve} Distinct from the isodia character entity breve, because this entity is only for spacing, and does not combine with the preceding character.
&spccirc; {stand-alone spacing circumflex accent} Distinct from the isodia character entity circ, because this entity is only for spacing, and does not combine with the preceding character.
&spcdot; {stand-alone spacing dot above} This entity represents a dot on a line of text above the level of text used only for spacing. Distinct from the isodia character entity dot, because this entity is only for spacing, and does not combine with the preceding character.
&spcgrave; {stand-alone spacing grave accent} Distinct from the isodia character entity grave, because this entity is only for spacing, and does not combine with the preceding character.
&spcmacr; {stand-alone spacing macron} Distinct from the isodia character entity macr, because this entity is only for spacing, and does not combine with the preceding character.
{white square} White square
{white square} White square
{black small square} Black small square
&stella; {stella} Asterisk used to mean star in astronomical texts
&sulphur; {sulphur} Alchemical symbol for sulphur
&Sun; {Sun} Astrological Symbol: Sun
&tartar; {tartar} Alchemical symbol for tartar or potassium
&trine; {trine} Astrological symbol for trine, 120 degrees (Unicode equivalent with white up-pointing triangle)
&trine2; {trine} Alternative 3-spoke version of symbol for trine, Cp. trine, halfcross
&tristar; {tristar} Asterism
&triwdot; {triwdot} White, up-pointing triangle with dot
{white up-pointing triangle} White up-pointing triangle
{black up-pointing triangle} Black up-pointing triangle
&Venus; {Venus} Symbol for Planet: Venus
&vitriol; {vitriol} Alchemical symbol for vitriol (sulphuric acid)
&vocaljoin; {vocal join} Musical symbol: congruence of voices or beginning of vocal part
&water; {water} Alchemical symbol for water as an element